These words are example of a transitional phrase — others include "furthermore," "moreover," but also "by contrast" and "on the other hand" — and are the hallmark of good writing. Transitional phrases are useful for showing the reader where one section ends and another begins. It may be helpful to see them as the written equivalent of the kinds of spoken cues used in formal speeches that signal the end of one set of ideas and the beginning of another.
In essence, they lead the reader from one section of the paragraph of another. To further illustrate this, consider the second body paragraph of our example essay: In a similar way, we are all like Edison in our own way. Whenever we learn a new skill - be it riding a bike, driving a car, or cooking a cake - we learn from our mistakes.
Few, if any, are ready to go from training wheels to a marathon in a single day but these early experiences these so-called mistakes can help us improve our performance over time. You cannot make a cake without breaking a few eggs and, likewise, we learn by doing and doing inevitably means making mistakes.
Hopefully this example not only provides another example of an effective body paragraph but also illustrates how transitional phrases can be used to distinguish between them. The Conclusion Although the conclusion paragraph comes at the end of your essay it should not be seen as an afterthought.
As the final paragraph is represents your last chance to make your case and, as such, should follow an extremely rigid format.
One way to think of the conclusion is, paradoxically, as a second introduction because it does in fact contain many of the same features. While it does not need to be too long — four well-crafted sentence should be enough — it can make or break and essay.
Effective conclusions open with a concluding transition "in conclusion," "in the end," etc. After that you should immediately provide a restatement of your thesis statement. This should be the fourth or fifth time you have repeated your thesis so while you should use a variety of word choice in the body paragraphs it is a acceptable idea to use some but not all of the original language you used in the introduction.
This echoing effect not only reinforces your argument but also ties it nicely to the second key element of the conclusion: a brief two or three words is enough review of the three main points from the body of the paper. Having done all of that, the final element — and final sentence in your essay — should be a "global statement" or "call to action" that gives the reader signals that the discussion has come to an end.
In the end, then, one thing is clear: mistakes do far more to help us learn and improve than successes. As examples from both science and everyday experience can attest, if we treat each mistake not as a misstep but as a learning experience the possibilities for self-improvement are limitless.
DO — Be Powerful The conclusion paragraph can be a difficult paragraph to write effectively but, as it is your last chance to convince or otherwise impress the reader, it is worth investing some time in. The single statement must carry the overall response to the problem. Put your thesis statement in your first paragraph then make sure you refer to it several times within the essay then restate it in your conclusion.
Write the introductory paragraph After creating a thesis statement and the body of the essay write an introductory paragraph. Make your introduction fascinating to capture the attention of your readers. Write the body paragraphs This is the part of the essay that you are supposed to explain, describe or argue the topic. The main ideas you wrote down on your outline becomes separate paragraphs. Each paragraph carries the main idea. The paragraph begins with an introductory sentence which carries the main idea.
Supporting ideas follow suit in sentence format backed with relevant information and examples. See The Learning Centre guide Paraphrasing, summarising and quoting Tips for effective writing Start writing early - the earlier the better. Starting cuts down on anxiety, beats procrastination, and gives you time to develop your ideas. Keep the essay question in mind. Keep a copy in front of you as you draft and edit and work out your argument.
Begin with what you are ready to write - a plan, a few sentences or bullet points. Start with the body and work paragraph by paragraph. Write the introduction and conclusion after the body.
However, this opportunity also gives you the advantage to choose a subject that is interesting or relevant to you. A Word on Transitions You may have noticed that, though the above paragraph aligns pretty closely with the provided outline, there is one large exception: the first few words. Provide a thorough thematic framework. Support your thesis adequately with the information in your paragraphs.
Make your introduction fascinating to capture the attention of your readers. Signs of Trouble A common structural flaw in college essays is the "walk-through" also labeled "summary" or "description". Begin by writing one of your main ideas as the introductory sentence. Make sure that sentence flow is smooth and add phrases to help connect thoughts or ideas. Need Money to Pay for College? Is your essay to inform or persuade?
Prepare an outline or diagram of your ideas. If you are trying to explain why George Washington is a great example of a strong leader, for instance, his childhood adventure with the cherry tree though interesting in another essay should probably be skipped over. Ask your teacher, your parents, and those in your study group. Plan your essay.
The corresponding question is "how": How does the thesis stand up to the challenge of a counterargument? Go to the library or look on the Internet for information about your topic. Starting cuts down on anxiety, beats procrastination, and gives you time to develop your ideas. Start with the body and work paragraph by paragraph. Are you struggling with essay writing? Take this opportunity to restate your thesis with confidence; if you present your argument as "obvious" then the reader might just do the same.
Make sure that sentence flow is smooth and add phrases to help connect thoughts or ideas. Your strongest points should be the first and last paragraphs within the body, with the others falling in the middle.
Revise your first draft extensively. Topic Sentences and Linking Statements guide your marker through your essay. Narrow your focus if necessary. Following the thesis, you should provide a mini-outline which previews the examples you will use to support your thesis in the rest of the essay.
Narrow your focus if necessary. Edit your writing to check spelling and grammar. For the first body paragraph you should use your strongest argument or most significant example unless some other more obvious beginning point as in the case of chronological explanations is required.