The research writing steps that we offer represent a general, ideal, movement through the research writing process. In reality, writers often repeat or circle back as needed. Reorganize your outline if necessary, but always keep the purpose of your paper and your readers in mind. Use a free grammar checker such as Edubirdie. Checklist ONE: Is my thesis statement concise and clear?
Did I follow my outline? Did I miss anything? Are my arguments presented in a logical sequence? Are all sources properly cited to ensure that I am not plagiarizing? Have I proved my thesis with strong supporting arguments?
Have I made my intentions and points clear in the essay? Re-read your paper for grammatical errors. It can even help you come back to your paper feeling more focused, which is key to catching and fixing mistakes. Give your paper a day or two or an hour or two, if you are running short on time and give it a final read-through. It can be helpful to print a copy of your paper and read a hard-copy if you have only read through it on a screen thus far. You might notice mistakes or formatting issues that your eyes missed while reading on your computer.
Once you have read your research paper for a final time and double checked that your paper does everything the assignment is asking for, it is time to submit. Be sure to follow any instructions you have been given about turning in your research paper. Also give yourself time to troubleshoot if things go wrong. If you try to print your paper five minutes before class starts, what are you going to do if your printer is out of toner?
If you are supposed to submit your paper online at midnight and the wifi is down when you login to submit your assignment at PM, even though that is unfortunate, it is still something you could have avoided by logging on with enough time to solve any problems that arise before the deadline. Your teacher will appreciate and respect your preparedness, and it will likely impact your grades positively. If you log on the day before and see that the place where you are supposed to turn in your assignment is locked or unavailable, send your teacher an email so that they can help you submit your paper before it is due.
Some instructors might, but you are just lucky at that point. Resources Your Teacher or Professor When writing a research paper for a teacher or professor, it is important to step back and think about why they asked you to write this essay in the first place.
More than likely, they are giving you an opportunity to learn something. Learning often involves trial-and-error, making mistakes, and asking lots of questions. However, do remember to be respectful of them, their time, and efforts.
It is important to follow any directions that you have been given by your teacher or professor, to take responsibility and not expect them to do your work for you, and to listen to the answers and advice they share with you. Working with your teacher and asking them for help is an often overlooked resource when it comes to writing research papers. Be sure to take advantage of this help; your paper will be all the better for it.
Research Librarians Another often-overlooked resource is the research librarian. Did you know that, in addition to tons of books and online materials, college and university libraries often have staff whose job it is to help answer your questions? Research librarians specialize in research it might sound obvious, but take a second to get excited about how much this could help you and your research paper!
These librarians usually specialize in particular fields and subjects, so you can get specific, expert help that pertains to your topic. They can help you search for resources, connect you with experts in the field your researching, or give you suggestions about the direction of your research and writing.
Writing Centers In addition to research librarians, many college and university libraries often house writing centers. While research librarians can help you more with your research, writing center staff can help you actually write your research paper.
You can usually schedule an online or in-person appointment with a tutor or instructor that will help you through any step of the writing process. Many professors even give you extra credit for taking advantage of writing center services. Wikipedia As mentioned earlier in this guide, you can use Wikipedia for introductory research. So, do not use Wikipedia as a primary source for your research paper. When it comes to writing research papers, the references section of a Wikipedia page is one of your best friends.
Just like you should be citing your sources at the end of your research paper, Wikipedia articles link to their primary sources. You can use the list of references to find books, articles, and other material that can help you find reliable, relevant primary sources for use in your research. The preferred method in this district is index cards. However, other methods include graphic organizers, legal pads or other types of paper with source summary information written in a manner that the researcher can understand.
Whichever method you are required to use, be sure to include: subject heading, the note, and an identification of its source. The identification of source is particularly important in your attempts to avoid plagiarism. Paraphrased notes take more time and effort, but they save time in the long run, since they can be incorporated, verbatim, into your final paper.
When paraphrasing, read your source at least once, digest it, look away from the source and write the main ideas in your own words, and then check it for accuracy. Ask your teacher if you are experiencing difficulties taking notes. Step 9: Synthesize. Organize your notes according to the working outline. Revise your thesis statement and outline. Write the first draft with title, in-text citations, and Works Cited page. Revise the first draft.
Finally, you have to delete non-essential info and organize the remaining words in the logical order. You can also include the subtitle. Make sure that your title is concise. Afterwards, you need to write an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. These are the main parts of your paper so let us provide you with some details on how to do it right.
Next, you need to provide the background information, explain your goals, and how you plan to approach your research paper topic. You should finish your introduction with your thesis statement or research question. This section of your paper is not long so you are sure to finish it fast. How to Write Body Paragraphs Your outline will help you to complete this part of your paper.
Some instructors might, but you are just lucky at that point. Start by editing for content. Did you stick to a topic that fits the assignment?
You will also need to include more information about the quote on a Works Cited or References page. Read Step 10 for a few last pieces of advice before you turn in your research paper. Once you have read your research paper for a final time and double checked that your paper does everything the assignment is asking for, it is time to submit. A starting point when writing a thesis might be to write a one-sentence answer to the question: what is your paper about? You can also include the subtitle. After you have worked to create a specific, arguable, definitive thesis statement, this is another place that it could be helpful to check in with your professor, a writing center tutor, or another trusted educator or mentor.
You can find more information about whatever style you are working with in a style guide or from OWL at Purdue. It can be helpful to print a copy of your paper and read a hard-copy if you have only read through it on a screen thus far.
You have done a lot of work to get to this point! Many professors even give you extra credit for taking advantage of writing center services. Your teacher may require you to write one or both of the following types of outlines: a topic outline, in which the headings and subheadings are a series of words or phrases, not complete sentences; or a sentence outline, in which every heading and subheading is a complete sentence. Re-read your paper for grammatical errors.
Once you have read your research paper for a final time and double checked that your paper does everything the assignment is asking for, it is time to submit. You can also include the subtitle.
Learning often involves trial-and-error, making mistakes, and asking lots of questions. So, do not use Wikipedia as a primary source for your research paper. Give your paper a day or two or an hour or two, if you are running short on time and give it a final read-through. This section of your paper is not long so you are sure to finish it fast.
Does one paragraph or idea flow smoothly into the next?