Her only paid work during the s was as a columnist for feminist journals, notably Equal Rights and Time and Tide. Eastman claimed that "life was a big battle for the complete feminist," but she was convinced that the complete feminist would someday achieve total victory.
Death[ edit ] Crystal Eastman died on July 8, , of nephritis. Legacy[ edit ] Eastman has been called one of the United States' most neglected leaders, because, although she wrote pioneering legislation and created long-lasting political organizations, she disappeared from history for fifty years. Freda Kirchwey , then editor of The Nation , wrote at the time of her death: "When she spoke to people—whether it was to a small committee or a swarming crowd—hearts beat faster.
She was for thousands a symbol of what the free woman might be. Suffrage Eastman married Wallace Benedict in Her husband was an insurance agent in Milwaukee, and they moved to Wisconsin after getting married.
By , she and her husband were separated. From to , Eastman served as an attorney, working for the federal Commission on Industrial Relations. This is the easiest part of our program. Second, we must institute a revolution in the early training and education of both boys and girls. It must be womanly as well as manly to earn your own living, to stand on your own feet. And it must be manly as well as womanly to know how to cook and sew and clean and take care of yourself in the ordinary exigencies of life.
I need not add that the second part of this revolution will be more passionately resisted than the first. Men will not give up their privilege of helplessness without a struggle.
The average man has a carefully cultivated ignorance about household matters -- from what to do with the crumbs to the grocer's telephone number -- a sort of cheerful inefficiency which protects him better than the reputation for having a violent temper.
It was his mother's fault in the beginning, but even as a boy he was quick to see how a general reputation for being "no good around the house" would serve him throughout life, and half-consciously he began to cultivate that helplessness until today it is the despair of feminist wives. A growing number of men admire the woman who has a job, and, especially since the cost of living doubled, rather like the idea of their own wives contributing to the family income by outside work.
And of course for generations there have been whole towns full of wives who are forced by the bitterest necessity to spend the same hours at the factory that their husbands spend. But these bread-winning wives have not yet developed homemaking husbands. When the two come home from the factory the man sits down while his wife gets supper, and he does so with exactly the same sense of fore-ordained right as if he were "supporting her.
It is no surprise that a young woman devoted to the advancement and liberation of women the world over chose to attend Vassar. Eastman had been dreaming of Vassar since she was a teenage girl, seeing the college as a necessary and essential part of her feminist nutriment. Entering Vassar in the of fall of , she immediately made her voice heard, contributing frequently to the Miscellany and singing first soprano in the choir and second soprano in the Vassar Choral Club.
Eastman was an active member of the Athletics Association, and an Alpha Chapter member of the Philatetheis theatre company during her entire education at Vassar. She was a Civitas member during her entire four years at Vassar and its chairman in her senior year. To the largely required courses in the first two years, she added German, and in her junior year she studied American Colonial History and American Politics with Lucy Maynard Salmon, Shakespeare with the Canadian internationalist and populist Florence Keys, and, starting also in her third year, she added seven courses in economics, most of them with the early social economist, Herbert Mills.
She received her degree in , having been deeply influenced by two of her teachers: the eminent economist John Bates Clark and the sociologist Franklin Henry Giddings. In the fall of , New York University had established, under the direction of the Swiss lawyer and educator, Dr. Crystal had already sampled the social and intellectual life of Greenwich Village. Eastman describes certain instances in her speech to specify inductive examples… by stating what the problem is or what is actually going on and then giving us a way we could change it, or make it better.
In a way it is the mothers fault. For example if the son wants to help her clean she would say no possibly and tell him to go play with his toys. His wife would be right there with a martini and dinner on the table.
The man of the household would not have to do anything but go to work to earn the money for his dinner that his wife made for their family. Our sons see this and they think that their only responsibility is to go to work, and not do anything but relax and be waited on. Men will not give up their privilege of helplessness without a struggle.
As far as we can see ahead people will always want homes, and a happy home cannot be had without a certain amount of rather monotonous work and responsibility. How can we change the nature of man so that he will honorably share that work and responsibility and thus make the homemaking enterprise a song instead of a burden?
Most assuredly not by laws or revolutionary decrees. Perhaps we must cultivate or simulate a little of that highly prized helplessness ourselves. But fundamentally it is a problem of education, of early training — we must bring up feminist sons.
Many feminists are socialists, many are communists, not a few are active leaders in these movements. He became a socialist activist in his early life, and Crystal had several common causes with him. But these bread-winning wives have not yet developed homemaking husbands.
The failure of the Wisconsin campaign led Eastman to the conclusion that work would be better focused on a national suffrage amendment.
No woman who allows husband and children to absorb her whole time and interest is safe against disaster. She was also a co-founder of the American Civil Liberties Union.
The proletarian dictatorship may or may not free women. Just out of college, she investigated workplace accidents, funded by the Russel Sage Foundation, and published her findings in There were not that many women out there who would actually speak up about this subject because of the fear of losing more respect if she has any at all, and the possible consequences that wait for her at her home. There she managed the unsuccessful Wisconsin suffrage campaign. I believe that this speech might have some huge stereotypes… at least at this day and age, but I think it is so well put you actually have to think about it.
Beecher, pastor of the nationally known, progressive and nondenominational Park Church in Elmira. It seems to me to be this: how to arrange the world so that women can be human beings, with a chance to exercise their infinitely varied gifts in infinitely varied ways, instead of being destined by the accident of their sex to one field of activity—housework and child-raising. In New York, her activities led to her being blacklisted during the Red Scare of
She stays home and is expected to do anything and everything to make their home enchanting. This is a further question for feminism. Friends took over the raising of her two children.
She was the campaign manager for the unsuccessful Wisconsin suffrage referendum, and shortly afterward in , she returned to New York. A lot of people do not know what this definition is.